HIV infection is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus that damages the immune system . With time, the virus affects and kills CD4 cells, which are a type of immune cell called T cell, and this can result in the body being exposed and prone to various types of health issues and cancers .
An individual can have an HIV infection, with few or no symptoms, for years before it turns into AIDS, which is diagnosed when the CD4 T cell count falls below 200 or if the individual has an AIDS-defining complication, such as serious infection or cancer. However, with timely medical care, including antiretroviral therapy, HIV can be managed, which otherwise can result in severe complications such as opportunistic infections (infections that capitalise on weakened immune systems) .
Common HIV Symptoms In Women You Shouldn't Ignore
Currently, there is no vaccine to prevent HIV infection and no cure for AIDS. However, there are different measures and habits that can help one prevent the onset and live a healthy life with an HIV infection. Read the following articles to see how one can live healthy with HIV and different ways to improve and strengthen the immune system .
Read: Tips For Healthy Living With HIV
Also read: Nutrition Tips For Healthy And Strong Immune System For People With HIV
Reports point out that the economic disruption caused by the Covid-19 pandemic can make HIV services unaffordable or unobtainable, interfering with supply chains and service delivery.
Every year, 1 December marks the commemoration of the united fight against HIV and AIDS. 'World AIDS Day' has been raising awareness of the epidemic that kills at least 1 million people every year, since 1988.
The idea behind the international observance is to expunge the outmoded stigma and to show solidarity to the HIV affected. AIDS and HIV infections are one of the biggest problems of the current world, despite the establishment of enhanced and upgraded preventive measures.
The idea of World AIDS Day was initially proposed by James Bunn and Thomas Netter, two public health officials from the World Health Organisation in 1987. Dr Mann, then director of UNAIDS approved the notion and the first-ever World AIDS Day was observed on 1 December 1988.
The theme of World AIDS Day 2020 is Global Solidarity, Shared Responsibility. The global HIV epidemic may be accelerating during the Covid-19 pandemic, as there has been a breakdown in essential HIV services due to the pandemic, making it difficult for health workers to deliver continuous, high-quality HIV services.
Today, we will talk about the serious complications of HIV/AIDS.