Pete Frates, the man who inspired the ice bucket challenge campaign that raised more than $200 million worldwide, died at the age of 34 after a long battle with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. He was diagnosed with this disease in 2012 at the age of 27 after noticing that a sustained wrist injury wasn't healing properly.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), also known as Lou Gehrig's disease, is a motor neuron disease that affects nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord. In the United States, about 5,000 people are diagnosed with ALS every year. This disease affects 2 to 5 people in every 100,000 individuals.
Causes Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is a type of motor neuron disease that affects the nerve cells that control the voluntary muscle movements like talking and walking. As the disease progresses, the nerve cells degenerate and die and stop sending messages to the muscles. This makes it difficult for the brain to control voluntary movement and the muscles start weakening and stop functioning. As a result you can't move your arms, legs and face.
People with this disease live for 3 to 5 years after first experiencing the symptoms. The symptoms are as follows:
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Heredity - If a parent carries one copy of the mutation gene, there is a 50-50 chance of the child developing the disease .
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Electromyogram (EMG) - A needle is inserted into the skin and it evaluates the electrical activity of your muscles. Any kind of abnormality in the muscles is caught in the EMG that helps diagnose ALS.
The treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis helps lower the symptoms and prevent complications, but it can't reverse the damage caused by the disease. The treatment options include the following:1. Medications
According to the Food and Drug Administration, two drugs like rilutek and edaravone can help in the treatment of ALS.