Valley fever, also called coccidioidomycosis is a fungal infection caused by the fungus Coccidioides. This fungus is known to survive in the soil found in the Southwestern United States, parts of Mexico and Central and South America.
As per the reports by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 14,364 cases of valley fever were reported in Arizona, in 2017. People who are above the age of 60 are more likely to get valley fever.
What Causes Valley Fever
Valley fever is caused by the fungus Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii that grows as a mould in the soil. The mould can live in harsh climate conditions such as cold, heat or drought. It has long filaments that break off and become airborne as spores, usually when the soil is disturbed by farming, construction and wind.
The wind can blow these spores for hundred of miles and breathing in the spores can lead to valley fever.
It is often difficult to diagnose valley fever because the signs and symptoms are usually vague. So, the doctors conduct the following tests to diagnose valley fever:
Kareena Kapoor Khan's Diet Revealed By Her Nutritionist Rujuta DiwekarTreatment Of Valley Fever Anti-fungal medications
The doctor may prescribe anti-fungal medications like fluconazole and itraconazole for people with chronic or disseminated coccidioidomycosis. These medications keep the fungus under control or destroy it. These medications have side effects such as diarrhoea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting and it usually goes away once the medication is stopped.Rest
People with acute coccidioidomycosis don't require treatment. He or she is carefully monitored and advised complete bed rest.Prevention Of Valley Fever