Back
Home » Health
  •  
    Filmi Bollywood
    • Kriti Sanon Sports Baby Bump In Leaked First Look From Sets Of Mimi
    • Malaika Arora Recalls Struggling Days, Says 'Rejections Never Let Me Down'
    • Coronavirus Outbreak: Indian Stuck On Diamond Princess Ship In Japan Sings Arijit Singh’s Song
    • Anubhav Sinha And Taapsee Pannu Are All Elated After Thappad’s First Screening In Delhi
    • Arshad Warsi Joins Cast Of Bhumi Pednekar's Horror Thriller Durgavati
    • Atrangi Re: Sara Ali Khan To Romance Dhanush And Akshay Kumar In Double Role?
    • Saif Ali Khan: Amrita Singh Was Never Compelled To Convert To Islam [Flashback]
    • Hrithik Roshan Is Impressed With Tanhaji; Showers Praises On Kajol, Ajay Devgn And Saif Ali Khan
    • Rajkummar Rao, Kriti Sanon To Adopt Dimple Kapadia And Paresh Rawal As Parents In Their Next Film
    • Sonam Kapoor Remembers Playing Neerja On Film’s 4th Anniversary; Says It Was An Honour
    • Guilty Filmmaker Ruchi Narain Felt Angry When Male Actors Refused To Work With Her!
    • Dabboo Ratnani 2020 Calendar: Bhumi Pednekar, Vicky Kaushal And Others Have Got Us Drooling!
    • Sonam Kapoor To Star In A Sujoy Ghosh Film Titled Blind?
    • Is Taapsee Pannu’s Thappad A Male-bashing Film? Here’s What Actor Pavail Gulati Has To Say
Diabetes Insipidus In Children: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Diagnosis And Treatment
Boldsky | 14th Nov, 2019 06:29 PM

Diabetes insipidus is a rare condition that causes an imbalance of fluids in the body, which makes you feel extremely thirsty and produce large amounts of urine. In this article, we will discuss diabetes insipidus in children.

What Causes Diabetes Insipidus In Children

The kidneys help in balancing the body's fluid levels by removing excess fluid from the body and storing it in the bladder as urine. The body regulates fluid levels by producing less urine when you need to replace the lost fluid by sweating or by making more urine when there is excess fluid in the body.

The hypothalamus is a part of the brain that controls the feeling of thirst and signals the body when it needs water. It makes the antidiuretic hormone (ADH), a hormone that helps control how fast or slow the fluids are excreted.

ADH is stored in the posterior pituitary gland. When the body needs to preserve water, the pituitary gland will release the hormone into the bloodstream and when the body needs to get rid of excess water, the hormone is released in smaller amounts and you will urinate more often.

When there is an ADH deficiency or the kidneys do not respond to ADH, diabetes insipidus occur. In either case, the kidneys are unable to concentrate the urine, large amounts of urine are released which leads to diabetes insipidus.

ALSO READ: Diabetes-friendly Indian Diet: A 7-day Vegetarian And Non-vegetarian Meal Plan

Diabetes insipidus can be caused by other conditions that include the following:

  • Brain injury
  • Brain tumour
  • Tuberculosis
  • A hypothalamus gland that doesn't make enough ADH
  • Damage to the pituitary gland or hypothalamus during surgery
  • Heredity
  • Sarcoidosis
  • Encephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Blockage in the arteries leading to the brain
  • Tumour near or in the pituitary gland
Types Of Diabetes Insipidus In Children
  • Central diabetes insipidus - Enough ADH isn't produced or secreted, which is most often caused by damage to the hypothalamus or pituitary gland.
  • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus - When the kidneys don't respond normally to ADH due to interaction with certain medications such as lithium or chronic disorders like kidney disease or hypercalcemia.
  • Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus - This type occurs when there is a problem with the child's sense of thirst.
Symptoms Of Diabetes Insipidus In Children
  • Feeling more thirsty than normal
  • Dehydration
  • Weight loss
  • Urinating more than normal

Babies with diabetes insipidus will show symptoms like high fever, irritability, poor appetite and failure to grow.

ALSO READ: World Diabetes Day 2019: Best And Worst Drinks For Diabetes

Who Is At Risk For Diabetes Insipidus?

A child is at a higher risk for this condition if he or she has a head injury, brain tumour, brain surgery, or kidney disease.

Complications Of Diabetes Insipidus In Children
  • Brain damage
  • Restlessness
  • Poor growth
  • Impaired mental function
  • Hyperactivity
  • Short attention span
Diagnosis Of Diabetes Insipidus In Children

The doctor will ask about the child's health history, family's health history and the signs and symptoms. Based on that, a physical examination will be conducted which include tests like the following.

  • Urine test - The child will not drink any fluids for several hours and he or she will then urinate twice within 1 hour. The second urine sample can often diagnose the condition.
  • Blood test - A Blood test is conducted to measure salt levels in the blood.
  • MRI - This test is done to check for problems in the pituitary gland.
  • Water deprivation test - This test is done to check if dehydration occurs when a child doesn't eat or drink.

ALSO READ: World Diabetes Day 2019: Expert Tips To Eat Right And Manage Diabetes

Treatment Of Diabetes Insipidus In Children

The treatment of this condition depends on the cause. Usually, the treatment is done by providing antidiuretic medications, such as desmopressin which can be taken in the form of pill, injection or nasal spray.

To increase the production of ADH, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) like ibuprofen and water pills are recommended. If the child has nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, the treatment options are anti-inflammatory medications and diuretics (water pills).

Also, modifying the liquids that a child is receiving will help in the treatment of diabetes insipidus.

To Conclude...

Diabetes insipidus can be temporary or permanent depending on the cause of the disease. Managing the condition can help the child lead a normal and healthy life. Children with nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can also lead healthy lives only if proper medical care is started at an early stage.

   
 
Health and Life
  • 15 Indian Spices And Their Amazing Health Benefits
  • 10 Natural Ways To Prevent Mosquito Bites
  • Ways To Include Chicken Breast In Your Diet And Its Health Benefits
    • Having A Nosebleed? Here's A Guide On How To Stop And Prevent It
    • 10 Fruits To Avoid For Diabetes
    • List Of Diseases Caused By Smoking
      • 17 Foods To Eat And Avoid Before Travelling
      • Vitamin K Deficiency: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment And Prevention
      • 11 Reasons Why You Should Be Drinking Potato Juice
        • 7 Different Ways To Eat Honey For Weight Loss
        • Ways To Use Mint (Pudina) Leaves For Weight Loss
        • 10 Foods To Combat Stomach Gas
          • 8 Morning Habits That Can Cause Weight Gain
          • 7 Risks Associated With Iron Overload
          • 9 Science-backed Benefits Of Intermittent Fasting
            • Top 21 Foods To Build Muscle
            • 10 Healthy Foods To Combat Period Acne
            • 10 Foods To Flush The Nicotine Out Of The Body
              • 7 Benefits Of Eating Poha For Breakfast
              • 10 High Fibre Vegetables To Lose Weight Easily
              • 10 Best Foods With Good Fat For Weight Loss