Every year National Diabetes Month is observed in November and communities from all over the world come together to raise awareness and educate people to help people spot diabetes at an early stage. According to the International Diabetes Federation, diabetes was responsible for 4 million deaths in 2017.
Diabetes is a chronic disease which if left untreated can lead to life-changing complications. One such common complication of diabetes is diabetic foot ulcers, which happen as a result of the breaking down of skin tissues, thereby exposing the layers underneath.
According to a study, the prevalence of diabetic foot ulcers among diabetic patients in North India was 14.30% and in the United States, 85% of foot amputations were a result of diabetic foot ulcers .What Causes Diabetic Foot Ulcers
Diabetic foot ulcers mostly occur under your big toes and the balls of your feet. It is most commonly caused due to the following reasons.
People with diabetes should consult a doctor if he or she notices the following changes:
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and then conduct a physical examination by inspecting the foot, toes and toenails for blisters, cuts or ingrown toenails.
Other diagnostic tests include the following:
Blood test - If the doctor notices signs of infection like redness, swelling and warmth in the affected foot, he or she may recommend a blood test.
The treatment varies depending on the severity of the disease. Medications and surgery are some of the treatment options for diabetic foot ulcers.Medications
Antibiotics, antiplatelet drugs or anti-clotting medications are prescribed by the doctors to treat diabetic foot ulcers. Some over-the-counter treatments for diabetic foot ulcers include polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) gel, dressings containing silver or silver sulfadiazine cream, and povidone or cadexomer iodine.Surgery
When medications don't help in healing diabetic foot ulcers, surgery is recommended. The surgical options include the following:
Other treatment procedures include regulating glucose control, keeping the ulcers covered and moist using dressings and medications, and ensuring proper blood circulation in the affected foot.Prevention Of Diabetic Foot Ulcers